There was a time when I thought that retirement would give me a lot of free time: time to garden, time to travel, time to get my home clutter under control, time to complete the article on the American sculptor on whom I wrote my thesis for my MA in Art History (Nancy Cox-McCormack), time to write the long-planned articles on two other American sculptors whose work I came to admire (Bashka Paeff and Anna Hyatt Huntington), time to write the annotations on all of the sources in my Gaskell bibliographic supplement and, especially, time to post more regular newsletters on my web site. Delusional! I just hope you haven’t become discouraged by the long wait.
Anna Hyatt Huntington
One of the delightful things about being retired from academia is that one can travel when universities (and, for that matter, elementary schools) are in session. From the time I first studied the equestrian sculptures of Anna Hyatt Huntington, I have wanted to visit Brookgreen Gardens in South Carolina. This year, I did just that. If you aren’t familiar with this amazing National Historical Landmark, check out its web site. It was a WONDERFUL experience! The Spanish moss-draped, 250-year old oaks that line the mile-plus drive into the center take your breath away. I learned how to determine the age of an alligator (each inch between the nose and the eye bridge equals a year, we were told). I got to watch river otters play and flocks of wild turkeys cavort (wild turkeys are South Carolina’s official State Wild Game Bird). I took a tour of the grounds that highlighted the sculptures, the gardens, and the manner in which Archer Huntington effectively integrated the two. I learned that the rice plantations that many years later became Brookgreen Gardens were ONLY possible after seven years of hard slave labor clearing the land AND that a system using wooden sluices brought from Africa by the slaves made successful rice farming possible. Tucked in the Offner Sculpture Learning and Research Center were miniatures of the two equestrian sculptures on which I had written a paper and made a conference presentation: Joan of Arc and El Cid. If you find yourself in South Carolina, do include a stop at Brookgreen Gardens.
Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings
While my April trip took me as far south as Pawleys Island, South Carolina to explore Brookgreen Gardens, it did not take me as far as Cross Creek, the Florida home of Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings and another of my “must visit” sites. I shall get there. In the mean time, however, I shall have to settle for taking pleasure in the fact that friends who have patiently listened to my endless enthusiastic ramblings about this American author have been motivated to visit Cross Creek themselves (AND graciously sent me a collection of pamphlets). If you haven’t seen it, you might enjoy the film, Cross Creek with Mary Steenburgen, Rip Torn, Peter Coyote and Alfrie Woodard . It isn’t historically accurate (Rawlings actually moved to Florida WITH her first husband, Charles Rawlings) but it does capture the flavor of part of the life of this under-appreciated American author.
Semi-annual Update of the Gaskell Bibliographic Supplement
When I started this newsletter, it was early Spring in central Pennsylvania – at least according to the calendar. According to the thermometer, however, it was more like mid-summer. For the last five years, I have updated my bibliographic supplement in January and June, but with the snow melted and with temperatures here in the mid-80s (Fahrenheit), and over 40 new sources recorded on 4 x 6 cards neatly stacked on my desk, it seems reasonable to add new secondary sources sooner rather than later. Previously, when I have posted new sources I have simple integrated them into the posted supplement and announced their presence. It occurred to me that, in addition to adding them to the master supplement, there might be value to listing just the new scholarship in my Web Newsletter along with a few comments on any observable patterns. For anyone needing to know about the latest publications, this approach will allow for quick identification of relevant recent scholarship. I hope you find this separate listing useful.
What patterns do I discern? Firstly, I am again struck by the growing number of new publications devoted to Gaskell and the number of new Gaskell scholars. In the last six months, forty-three journal articles, book chapters, dissertations and theses have been published. Seven are MA theses. Of the remaining thirty-six publications, nineteen are by scholars who have never published on Gaskell before. Established and new Gaskell scholars from England, Canada and America have been joined by new Gaskell scholars from Switzerland, Korea and Indonesia. Literary criticism is appearing in traditional, well-known literary journals but several articles have been published in online journals that have no paper counterpart. Topics explored include historiography, imperialism, science, medicine, opium use, industrialization, maturation, letter-writing, and gender. The Gaskell Society Newsletter continues to provide a useful venue to expand our awareness of Gaskell’s life in small, useful increments. Literary analysis has focused most heavily on Cranford, with Mary Barton, My Lady Ludlow, North and South, Ruth and Wives and Daughters also being analyzed in multiple publications. Cousin Phillis and “Lois the Witch” are each the focus of one article while Life of Charlotte Brontë has continued to attract scholarly attention.
In addition to the scholarly writings focusing on the life and/or the works of Elizabeth Gaskell, recent postings to the Victoria List have addressed topics that were treated by her: woman and funerals, fever in Victorian novels, and women authors supporting their families or enhancing their family’s financial circumstances. Questions have been raised about Dickens’s ending to “The Old Nurse’s Story” and Gaskell’s reading of German philosophy. In short, she is increasingly integrated into the discourse on Victorian literature.
As a closing comment (for those of you reading this Newsletter who are not Gaskellians), 2010 is the Bicentennial of the birth of Elizabeth Cleghorn Stevenson Gaskell. There are MANY exciting events that the Gaskell Society has scheduled throughout the year to honor the woman and the author. To track these, go to the link on the Gaskell Society’s web page. I myself am about to book my flight to England to be present for the dedication of the stained glass window at Westminster Abbey. I just hope that Icelandic volcano (which I WON’T try to spell, let alone pronounce) behaves!
New Sources Added to My Bibliographic Supplement May, 2010
Please note: In March, 2009 the MLA issued the 7th edition of its Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. Because this project began in 2004, publications enumerated in my Bibliographic Supplement follow the style guidelines from the 6th edition. The publications below do so as well. If you should use any of these, do remember to check the 7th edition for proper style when citing them. In time, I will make the appropriate modifications.
Austin, Tim, “Photos in Geneva.” Gaskell Society Newsletter 48 (Autumn, 2009): 11-14.
Chapple, John A. V. “Elizabeth Gaskell’s Paternal Grandparent.” Gaskell Society Newsletter 48 (Autumn, 2009): 2-4.
Clark, Nicky. “Charles Allen DuVal/C. A. DuVal: Artist & Photographer, 1803-1972.” Gaskell Society Newsletter 48 (Autumn, 2009): 5-8.
Lingard, Christine. “Elizabeth Gaskell’s London.” Gaskell Society Newsletter 49 (Spring, 2010): 2-7.
Ross, John. “The Death of Elizabeth Gaskell.” Gaskell Society Newsletter 48 (Autumn, 2009): 9-11.
Adams, Maeve E. “The Amazon Warrior Woman and the Deconstruction of Gendered Imperial Authority in Nineteenth-Century Colonial Literature.” Nineteenth-Century Gender Studies 6.1 (2010): n.pag. Web. 26 April 2010. (Cranford)
Billington, Josie. “Sources and the MA Student.” Teaching Nineteenth-Century Fiction: Teaching the New English. Eds. Andrew Maunder and Jennifer Phegley. NY and Bassigstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. 210-222.
Blake, Kathleen. “Time and the Textile Industry: Gaskell and Tagore.” The Pleasures of Benthamism: Victorian Literature, Utility, Political Economy. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2009. 165-194. (Cranford, North and South)
Booth, Alison. “Emily Brontë in Elizabeth Gaskell’s The Life of Charlotte Brontë (1857).” Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights. NY: Pearson, Longman, 2008. 308-312.
Dalrymple, Theodore. “A Touch of Class.” British Medical Journal 336 (2008): 837. (Cranford)
Dennis, Abigail. “Mobile Narrative, Spacial Mediation, and Gaskell’s Urban Rustics in North and South.” MHRA Working Papers in the Humanities 4 (2009): 43-54.
DeWitt, Anne. “The Uses of Scientific Thinking and the Realist Novel.” DAI 70 (2009): 2042A. Yale U. (Wives and Daughters)
Edwards, A. S. G. “Gaskell’s North and South and John Lydgate.” Notes and Queries 56 (2009): 399.
Endersby, Jim. “Sympathetic Science: Charles Darwin, Joseph Hooker, and the Passions of Victorian Naturalists.” Victorian Studies 51 (2009): 299-320. (Mary Barton, Wives and Daughters)
Fair, Thomas P. “Elizabeth Gaskell: A Well-Tempered Madness.” Gilbert and Gubar’s The Madwoman in the Attic After Thirty Years. Ed. Annette R. Federico. Columbia and London: U of Missouri P, 2009. 217-236. (Mary Barton, North and South, Wives and Daughters)
Ginsburg, Michal Peled. “Narratives of Survival.” Novel 42 (2009): 410-416. (Cranford)
Heath, Kay. “’The Neutral Man-Woman’: Female Desexualization at Midlife.” Aging by the Book: The Emergence of Midlife in Victorian Britain. Albany: SUNY P, 2009. 73-113. (Cranford, Mary Barton, Ruth)
Henderson, Kathryn Leigh Krueger. “Making Room: British Women Writers, Social Change, and the Short Story, 1850-1940.” DAI 69 (2008): 4730A. U of Iowa. (Cranford)
Hiltbrunner, Michael. “The Grey Woman and Bluebeard’s Bride: Comparisons between Elizabeth Gaskell’s Short Story, ‘The Grey Woman’ and the tale of Bluebeard.” Opticon 1826 7 (Autumn, 2009): 1-10.
Jang, Jeong U. “Gaskell’s Vision of a Feminine Utopia in Cranford.” Nineteenth Century Literature in English 13 (2009): 211-232.
Kanwit, John Paul. “’More Outward Appearances’? Household Taste and Social Perception in Elizabeth Gaskell’s North and South.” Victorian Review 35 (2009): 190-210.
Kennedy, Meegan. “The Sentimental Eye in Dickens and Gaskell.” Revising the Clinic: Vision and Representation in Victorian Medical Narrative and the Novel. Columbus: Ohio State UP, 2010. 87-118. (Ruth)
Kim, Kyeong Sik. “Diverse Interpretations of the Pinafore in Cousin Phillis: Historical Backgrounds.” British and American Fiction 16 (2009): 5-28.
Kramer, Beth. “Negotiating Power: Domestic and Professional Authority in Victorian Fiction.” DAI 70 (2009): 2527A. New York U. (Cranford)
Krueger, Christine L. “Historiographies of Witchcraft for Feminist Advocacy; Historical Justice in Elizabeth Gaskell’s ‘Lois the Witch’.” Reading for the Law: British Literary History and Gender Advocacy. Charlottesville: U of Virginia P, 2010. 25-52.
Leja, Christine. “The Fruit of Pain: Rethinking Sympathy in the Victorian Novel.” DAI 70 (2009): 3017A. Columbia U.
Malton, Sara. “’Only the Ledger Lives’: Financial Disease and Deception at Mid-Century.” Forgery in Nineteenth-Century Literature and Culture: Fictions of Finance from Dickens to Wilde. NY and Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. 47-76. (Cranford, Ruth)
Matus, Jill L. “Dream and Trance: Gaskell’s North and South as a ‘condition-of-consciousness’ Novel.” Shock, Memory and the Unconsciousness in Victorian Fiction. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2009. 61-82.
Murfin, Audrey, “Victorian Nights’ Entertainments: Elizabeth Gaskell and Wilkie Collins Develop the British Short Story.” Romanticism and Victorianism on the Net 48 (2007). 31 January 2010. http://www.erudit.org/revue/ravon/2007/v/n48/017440ar.html?vue=integral (My Lady Ludlow)
Nash, Julie. “‘Mutual Duties”: Gaskell’s ‘Condition of England’ Novels.” Servants and Paternalism in the Works of Maria Edgeworth and Elizabeth Gaskell. Ashgate: Aldershot, 2007. 95-114.(Mary Barton, North and South)
Peterson, Linda H. “Parallel Currents: The Life of Charlotte Brontë as Mid-Victorian Myth of Women’s Authorship.” Becoming a Woman of Letters: Myths of Authorship and Facts of the Victorian Market. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton UP, 2009. 131-150.
Robinson, Amy J. “The Comedy of Small-Scale Crisis: How Humor Mediates Change in Mid-Victorian Town Novels.” DAI 70 (2009): 2529A. U of Florida. (Cranford, “Mr. Harrison’s Confessions”, “My Lady Ludlow”)
Shaffer, Talia. “Women’s Writing.” Teaching Nineteenth-Century Fiction: Teaching the New English. Eds. Andrew Maunder and Jennifer Phegley. NY and Bassigstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. 75-90.
Shelston, Alan. “Letters as Presence and Absence in Victorian Fiction.” Letters(s): Functions and Forms of Letter-Writing in Victorian Fiction. Eds. Mariaconcetta Costantini, Francesco Marroni and Anna Enrichetta. Rome: Aracne, 2009. 49-57. (Cranford, The Life of Charlotte Brontë)
Voller, Jack G. “Misstated Identity in Gaskell’s ‘The Old Nurse’s Story’.” Notes and Queries 56 (2009): 398-399.
Wright, Erika. “Fictions of Health: Medicine and the Nineteenth-Century Novel.” DAI 70: (2009): 3020A. U of Southern California. (North and South)
Masters and Honors Theses
Dickson, Lori Ann, “’The Culture of Habits and Dispositions’: Associationist Psychology and Unitarian Education in Gaskell’s Wives and Daughters.” M.A. Thesis. Brigham Young U, 2009.
Dipomulvadi, Citra Sari. “Matilda’s Failure to Make Relationships with Men in the Novel Cranford by Elizabeth Gaskell.” M. A. Thesis. Petra Christian University (Indonesia), 2008.
Galbusera, Daniela. “Travels Across Space and Time: The Influence and Development of Space from Jane Austen to Elizabeth Gaskell.” M.A. Thesis. U of Zurich, 2009.
Henderson, Jessica Rae. “Opium Use in Victorian England: the Works of Gaskell, Eliot and Dickens.” M.A. Thesis. Boise State U, 2009.
King, Amy. “’Freedom in Working’: Representations of Working Women in Elizabeth Gaskell’s Mary Barton, Ruth, and North and South. M.A. Thesis. Eastern Illinois U, 2009.
Maria, Merliza. “A Study of Molly Gibson’s Maturation as Seen in Elizabeth Gaskell’s Wives and Daughters. M.A. Thesis. Petra Christian University Indonesia), 2004.
Masters, Allison. “The Sort . . . of People to Which I Belong: Elizabeth Gaskell and the Middle Class.” M.A. Thesis. U of Montana, Missoula, 2009 (The Life of Charlotte Brontë, Mary Barton, “Mooreland Cottage”)